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The haunting eyes of a child soldier – The Independent’s Christmas Appeal

2012 December 10

It was the boy’s eyes which haunted Priscillia. He was dressed in full army gear, red beret, sunglasses and carried an AK-47 automatic assault rifle. He was tall but there was about him a teenage gangliness that gave away his age. Yet it was the eyes that she could not forget.

They met in the stronghold of one of the rebels groups in the Central African Republic. The boy was a child soldier who had been press-ganged into the forces of the CPJP (The Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace) which has been fighting for the past four years to overthrow the government in this former French colony in the heart of West Africa.

Priscillia Hoveyda, 30, is a child protection specialist for Unicef in the wartorn country. She is tasked with the dangerous work of entering rebels territory to try to negotiate with the armed rebels for the release of the children they have abducted or forced into arms.

“As soon as I arrived I saw him,” she said. “He looked no more than 15 years of age. I asked him to take off his sunglasses and put down his gun. I saw immediately he was a child. I asked his age. He was 15. I asked if he want to leave the armed group. He said he did, and that he wanted to go back to school.”

But the rebel commander would not let the boy go and Priscillia had to leave without him.

For the next month the memory of the boy’s eyes, filled with pain and mistrust, that she could not rid herself of. A month later she went back to the camp.

“I had his name – Assane – now and I was determined to get him out.” She found the boy and asked if he remembered her. He said Yes and said he really wanted to get out. So Priscillia went back to his commander. But though, this time, she persuaded the man to free the child his order was countermanded by a more senior rebel.

“He surrounded us with five of his men and was shouting ‘You can’t take him, he is mine.” She watched as the face of the boy, who had been smiling at the prospect of release, fell as he had to put all his weapons back on. She left again.

But still she could not forget. “His face had been so upset. So the next day I went all the way back. At this point I said we’re not leaving unless he comes too. Sometimes its one kid who just gets to you. And finally they let him come out.”

Today The Independent is launching with Unicef, the world’s leading children’s organization, a Christmas appeal to raise money for the release of more child soldiers in the Central African Republic.  They are not the only children who have been kidnapped and forced to fight. It is estimated that today some 300,000 children – boys and girls from the age of 7 to 17 – are involved in more than 30 conflicts worldwide.  But the problem is acute in the north-eastern region of the Central African Republic, close to the border with Chad, where boys are routinely abducted and forced to become combatants and girls are kidnapped to become domestic labourers and sex slaves.


The region is home to a number of rebel army groups that use child soldiers. The most notorious is the Lords’ Resistance Army (LRA) led by Joseph Kony which operates across the region from the Central African Republic through Chad and the Democratic Republic of Congo to Uganda and South Sudan.

Rescuing the children is perilous work. But Priscillia Hoveyda, a lawyer who trained in Paris and New York, is motivated by her own background growing up in Iran when it was at war with Iraq.  “I was able to see first-hand the damages war could cause in society, in a community, on a family and a household, on your friends,” she said. “Your whole life is turned upside down.”

Keeping a cool head is essential. “I’ve been in situations in this job where men have been aggressive,” she said, “where they tried to intimidate me and my co-worker. But we know before going that this may happen and know we should not back off; if we back off it shows we feel weak and that will spoil the whole negotiation process. So we have to remain calm and focus on the children”.

What complicates her negotiations is the number of rebel groups. The two main factions the UFDR (Union of Democratic Forces for Unity) and the CPJP (The Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace) – which fight one another as well as the forces of the Government – also fight the Lord’s Resistance Army. All the rebel groups seize children but most – with the exception of the ruthless LRA – will negotiate with Unicef over the release of children. The skill lies in persuading each side that the other will release its child combatants if they do are prepared to do the same.

“The youngest child that I released was 9…he was doing all the tasks and chores for the group. The youngest boy forced into combat was 11. The LRA have very, very young kids,” Priscillia said. It is a violation of the very concept of childhood.

Negotiating the children’s release is only the first step.  Unicef then runs transit centres where children who have been released are demobilized, put back in school, given psychological help and vocational training, and reunited them with their families or resettled with foster carers where their families reject them.

All this work is funded entirely by voluntary contributions. The money raised by The Independent Christmas Appeal will go to fund this work, helping these children, in the Central African Republic.

“With my job I have the opportunity to try and make a difference and try and make it a little less unbearable for children who have been abused sexually, physically or even morally,” said Priscillia. “The hardest part isn’t only getting them out [of the armed group] but finding a sustainable solution for them afterwards.”  Over the next four weeks The Independent will be reporting on how the difficulties and challenges of that long and complex process.

But there can be no under-estimating the elation for children like Assane of that release and that first moment of freedom. In the weeks between identifying Assane and his eventual release Unicef  found that the boy’s parents were dead but managed to track down his older brother. As Assane walked into Endelei, the town where the nearest Unicef-support transit centre was based, his brother was there to meet him.

After they had greeted one another Assane turned to Priscillia and said: “I feel like I’ve come home”.

 additional reporting by Oliver Poole and Alicia Jones in Bangui


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